Authorizing DHCP Server by a non-enterprise administrator

Authorizing DHCP Server by a non-enterprise administrator By default, only a administrator which is member of "Enterprise Admins" group can authorize the DHCP which is installed in domain environment. If the other accounts  would like to authorize the DHCP server which is a member server in child domain, you may get "Access is denied".  To... Continue Reading →

How to Set a Custom Logon Screen Background on Windows 7

How to Set a Custom Logon Screen Background on Windows 7  Enabling Custom Backgrounds  This feature is disabled by default, so you'll have to enable it from the Registry Editor. You can also use the Group Policy Editor if you have a Professional version of Windows – scroll down a bit for the Group... Continue Reading →

SYSVOL Migration Series: Part 3 – Migrating to the ‘PREPARED’ state

Previous articles in this series contained an introduction to the SYSVOL migration procedure and explained how the Dfsrmig.exe tool can be used for SYSVOL migration. Keeping this background information in mind, we're now ready to start the actual SYSVOL migration process. This article explains how to migrate replication of the SYSVOL share to the 'PREPARED'... Continue Reading →

SYSVOL Migration Series: Part 1 – Introduction to the SYSVOL migration process

he File Replication Service (FRS) is used for replicating the contents of the SYSVOL share between Windows domain controllers. However, Windows Server 2008 domain controllers, which are operating in the Windows Server 2008 domain functional level, can use the DFS Replication service for replicating the contents of the SYSVOL share. A new Windows Server 2008... Continue Reading →

DFS Step-by-Step Guide for Windows Server 2008

ou can install the DFS components by using the following procedures. Installing Windows Server 2008 and DFS During Setup, follow the on-screen prompts to install Windows Server 2008. Refer to the section "Lab Requirements" earlier in this guide for details about which servers must run Windows Server 2008 and which servers can run Windows Server 2003 R2 or Windows Server 2003 SP1. After... Continue Reading →

Dcdiag error

 have two domain controllers both server 2008, and the domain function level has been raised to 2008. We migrated from a single dc running server 2008 previously. If I run : dcdiag /v /c /d /e /s:win2k8dc1 >c:dcdiag.txt I receive the following error: Starting test: VerifyEnterpriseReferences The following problems were found while verifying various important... Continue Reading →

Upgrade Domain Controllers From 2008 R2 to Windows Server 2012

Upgrade Domain Controllers From 2008 R2 to Windows Server 2012April 10 2013 This topic provides background information about Active Directory Domain Services in Windows Server 2012 and explains the process for upgrading domain controllers from Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2.UPGRADE FROM SERVER 2008 R2 TO Windows server 2012 Table of Contents1.1.1    1 2.    Prerequisites... Continue Reading →


What is FSMO ROLES? The FSMO (flexible single master operations) roles assigned in our environment to Domain-Controllers and provide us the ability to manage our environment without Conflicts , The FSMO roles can be transfer between Domain-Controllers and that's provide us the ability to manage our environment in much more flexibility . There are 5... Continue Reading →

Usage: hex2dec [hex|decimal] Introduction Tired of running Calc everytime you want to convert a hexadecimal number to decimal Now you can convert hex to decimal and vice versa with this simple command-line utility. Usage: hex2dec [hex|decimal] Include x or 0x as the prefix of the number to specify a hexadecimal value. e.g. To translate 1233 decimal to... Continue Reading →

Displays relevant information about a Windows computer on the desktop’s background, such as the computer name, IP address, service pack version, and more Introduction How many times have you walked up to a system in your office and needed to click through several diagnostic windows to remind yourself of important aspects of its configuration, such as its name, IP address, or operating system version? If you manage multiple computers you probably need BGInfo. It automatically displays relevant information... Continue Reading →

Active Directory (AD) viewer and editor.

Active Directory Explorer v1.4  Snapshots of an AD database for off-line viewing and comparisons Introduction Active Directory Explorer (AD Explorer) is an advanced Active Directory (AD) viewer and editor. You can use AD Explorer to easily navigate an AD database, define favorite locations, view object properties and attributes without having to open dialog boxes, edit... Continue Reading →

AccessEnum uses standard Windows security APIs to populate its listview with read, write and deny access information.

AccessEnum v1.32  Introduction While the flexible security model employed by Windows NT-based systems allows full control over security and file permissions, managing permissions so that users have appropriate access to files, directories and Registry keys can be difficult. There's no built-in way to quickly view user accesses to a tree of directories or keys. AccessEnum gives you... Continue Reading →

How to convert Physical Disk to Virtual Disk

Disk2vhd v1.63  How to convert Physical Disk to Virtual Disk Introduction Disk2vhd is a utility that creates VHD (Virtual Hard Disk - Microsoft's Virtual Machine disk format) versions of physical disks for use in Microsoft Virtual PC or Microsoft Hyper-V virtual machines (VMs). The difference between Disk2vhd and other physical-to-virtual tools is that you can... Continue Reading →

Tool for checking for a domain

Whois v1.11 Tool for checking for a domain  Introduction Whois performs the registration record for the domain name or IP address that you specify.    Usage: whois domainname [whois.server] Domainname can be either a DNS name (e.g. or IP address (e.g.  Whois performs the registration record for the domain name or IP address... Continue Reading →

Preparing Active Directory for Exchange 2007 installation

Preparing Active Directory for Exchange 2007 installation 1) Prepare the Schema This must be run on the Schema Master in the forest and you must also be a member of schema admins to run. D:\>setup /prepareschema Welcome to Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Unattended Setup Preparing Exchange Setup No server roles will be installed Performing Microsoft... Continue Reading →

Active Directory User Object Attributes   The Microsoft Excel spreadsheets linked below document the Active Directory attributes exposed by the LDAP and WinNT providers. The terms "attribute" and "property" are interchangeable. The name of a property or attribute is similar to the name of a field in a database. The actual value assigned to the attribute is stored in... Continue Reading →

To Reset the DSRM Administrator Password

1.     Click Start, click Run, type ntdsutil, and then click OK. 2.     At the Ntdsutil command prompt, type set dsrm password. 3.     At the DSRM command prompt, type one of the following lines: To reset the password on the server on which you are working, type reset password on server null. The null variable assumes that the DSRM password is being reset on the... Continue Reading →


Windows Server 2008 R2 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)Purpose & Objective This guide explains the process for upgrading Active Directory domains to Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, how to upgrade the operating system of domain controllers, and how to add domain controllers that run Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 to an existing domain. 1          Introduction Upgrading your... Continue Reading →

How to delegate control move computer objects from one OU to another

Move Computer accounts between OUs In ADUC, right click the first OU and select Delegate Control. Add the user or  group you want.  Select the "Create a custom task to delegate" option and click Next. Select "Only the following objects in the folder" Check the box before "Computer objects" in the list. Check the box... Continue Reading →

Difference between Audit Logon Events and Audit Account Logon Events

OVERVIEW: Audit Logon Events The Audit logon events policy records all attempts to log on to the local computer, whether by using a domain account or a local account. On DCs, this policy records attempts to access the DC only. The policy does not, for instance, track a user who uses a domain account to... Continue Reading →

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